Translated and reprocessed by the Author. Typography, pictures and graphs by the Author. Cover design by Birch toothe ölő körmök lábak Alex Fodor. The Finno-Ugric origin Alternative hypotheses of origin Sumerian birch toothe ölő körmök lábak Having survived the Second World War the then so-called socialistic revolution, its negation the 56 revolution as well as its repression and revenge, during a harsh anti-national propaganda or as its consequence my soul became Hungarian as well.
When I was eighteen I would have been able to leave my home country without any doubt, but after ten years, when a good occasion arose to leave her without any serious consequences, I was not able to do it. I have already been bound by my Hungarian feeling, by my culture, by a spirit the origin of which was not clear to me but I felt existed. Being an active caver I spent a lot of time at Jósvafő 1 where we often dug trenches for electric cables as a supplementing sport of our intellectual work in our office.
A lot of pieces of old pottery were uncovered with the aid of our pick-axes. Some were robust, rough and the archeologist told us they were two millennia old, they were Hallstattian.
According to the archeologists they were eight to nine millennia old; they were Neolithic. A couple of millennia before much finer pottery had been produced here? It was very interesting. The discharge of the karst springs had also been measured and there was a dam crossing the valley behind the spring from where again many pieces of potter were dug, mainly older ones.
According to the villagers the dam had not been built birch toothe ölő körmök lábak them, it was ancient. We called it the Cavemen s Dam, i.
According to the archeological terminology, primitive man is the man who eszköz kezelés körömgomba után long before the Neolithic Age, nevertheless we used this name. Later we have found the remnants of an ancient foundry in the valley of the Lófej.
A nyír kátrány terápiás tulajdonságai
Yes, the Hallstattian people had built it. It was also ancient. What can we do with these ancient people? Were they our forefathers?
Who were they? Who were the earliest ones? What do we have to do with them at all? According to our basic education we have nothing to do with them. We, the Hungarian-speaking people did not live here in this ancient time. When the Neolithic was flourishing here, now we know, it was at least eight millennia ago we were very primitive forest dwellers in Siberia, somewhere behind the Ural Mountains.
Who knows where, as there is no concord in this matter among the Hungarian historians. The most important thing is that we, the recent Hungarians, can not be on the same level as the highly cultured people of their age, like the Hallstattian people the Celts, the later Slavic people, the Germans, not to mention even the Greeks or Romans.
I have not bothered with this problem for a long time. We have visited the cave at Istállóskő 2 in the Bükk Mountains, and seen its ancient archaeological materials in the National Museum in Budapest. Some other caves of the same mountains also contained similar materials and we had to learn that there had been an active human population in the ancient time there, mostly before the ice age, a couple of tens of millennia ago, or as I will use it in the followings: before present BP.
Similar remnants of men were found in the Buda Mountains Remete Valley as well as in Transdanubia in a couple birch toothe ölő körmök lábak places, in Tata or in the Gerecse Mountains, where no doubt the primitive men had been living. Then, in the early sixties, the sensation came the discovery by László Vértes in Vértesszőlős. A primitive man with the brain capacity similar to ours had been living there a couple of hundreds of millennia BP.
He was called Samu according to the name of the Saint of the day of finding and he was a real primitive man, the true cave birch toothe ölő körmök lábak. What have we to do with him? Well, we did come from behind the Ural Mountains. Our language has also been picked up piece by piece during our long travel like a band of robbers. That has been taught in the elementary schools, in the secondary schools and in the universities, echoed by the journals and the media, supported and propagated by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Meanwhile besides my Hungarian mother tong I have learnt a couple of languages. According to the pressure from my dad, as a hobby or as a part of my jobs out of Hungary, it does not matter why and how. Based on these languages the other European languages with the exception of Basque, Albanian and Greek turned to be literate for me I could read, however I was not able to speak them.
Later other and more peculiar languages came to me and it became more and more clear that my mother tongue was not a riff-raff language! There was something wrong in the education that I had received at school. I could not stay in peace and I started to study the languages supposed to be relative to my one, such as Finnish. Later I came familiar with Dravidian languages through my kind Tamil friends. I then came to Australia to work here and the local Hungarian emigrants started to bombard me with the Sumerian model.
I was not able to resist and some of the ancient languages like ancient Greek, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Akkadian, Hurrian and Sumerian languages came into my studies. The logic, stability and startling compactness of the Hungarian language became in- 1 a small village in Northeastern Hungary, near to the Slovakian border with one of the longest European cave in its vicinity. I did not understand it. Not believed the ideology I birch toothe ölő körmök lábak also the corresponding archaeological materials into my hands and I passed through a couple of thousands of pages.
Some were exciting, others made me feel they were product of mad minds, but the vajon jód elősegíti a köröm gomba arising from the books had to be categorized, placed in a logical order and its obvious contradictions excluded.
During this tedious work some very funny materials also came into my hands. One of them was a newspaper report with Prof. The other one was the book entitled: The Chronicle of the Hungarians by F. Glatz, at that time president of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the director of the Institute for the Hungarian History.
I came to a decision that I had to prepare this work. I had to share my information with my fellow Hungarians as well as with an international audience. I am not a graduate historian neither am I a graduate linguist nor an anthropologist. I am a research scientist in materials engineering and as a scientist, handling the literature reading, processing, and presenting was an essential part of birch toothe ölő körmök lábak work. It was also essential to use logic and not to believe in theories, birch toothe ölő körmök lábak ideologies, but to remain always as objective as much possible.
As a material scientist I could not have accepted to handle material with prejudice. This was my most important guide while this material was being prepared. I do not respect any ideology, any belief, any pre-judgement, but I respect only objective data if any of the data might be regarded as being objective. The material available to me was full of ideologies, beliefs and pre-judgements. It was my task and duty to select the objective data from the confused material birch toothe ölő körmök lábak I tried to do my task as correctly as I could.
We must face a lot of contradictions. Nevertheless, I believe that the seeds of the Truth can be obtained from this confused material. The condition of the success is to handle the material with strong criticism and humility.
The Hungarian version of this book was published and distributed among fellow Hungarians a couple of years ago. During the preparation of that book I had had many discussions with my fellow Australians and made them known the basics of my findings.
They all encouraged me to prepare the English version of the topic and publish the concept as soon as possible in English language, súlyos lábgomba. It is now the time to perform the task and hogyan zavarja köröm gombás the English version of the original study.
It is not merely a simple translation from the Hungarian to the English as there is a great difference in the cultural and educational backgrounds of the Hungarian and the foreign readers, therefore I had to rewrite a few sections according to these differences. For example the exposition of the topic was written particularly for the Hungarians therefore I had to modify most of the text of this chapter.
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There is also new data made public since the Hungarian edition data from serology and human genealogy which eventually supports the conception presented in the original work therefore they are also included in this version.
This work is based on a lot of literature, a big portion of it is written in Hungarian language. I have to cite the original words of the authors in many cases but their words are translated to English. To keep the possibility the reader to check the original words of the cited works I give the Hungarian version in the footnotes.
The only exception is the analysis of Padányi s work on comparison of the horse riding cultures to the settled ones in chapter 2 where the original text is not cited. The reason is that: it would have been too long and only the essence of the thoughts of Padányi is birch toothe ölő körmök lábak, which is discussed there, not his words in details. I must also show the reader many Hungarian words in this work.
I will use the original Hungarian spelling of the words because the Hungarians use a sound-to-sound writing, i. The Hungarian language as I will show in a later chapter 3 has many consonants and vowels barely used in English, as it is very rich in the sounds. We recently have more than 46 sounds and due to this richness we have to write accented vowels and double consonants to express properly the pronunciation of our words using the Latin alphabet.
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There are only very few exceptions, which do not follow this law, to make spelling easier. The written forms of the Hungarian sounds with their international code are given in the Appendix.
Please consult Table 6. Who am I? Who are we Hungarians? Are we the descendents of a primitive folk, the former robbers of Europe as the official Hungarian historians describe us? Or are we the descendents of the heroes from the steppe who were known in their own time as the Scourge of the God, i. Or are we even the late descendents of the former Sumerians as many believe, based on the language of which has many features similar to or common with the Hungarian language?
Why is there this discrepancy between the conceptions of our origin? What is the real truth?
Etymological Dictionary of Hungarian (EDH)
Let us go behind the data and try to find the traces of our real origin. There are two basic theories concerning the origin of the Hungarians. One of them is the so-called Finno-Ugric concept of origin, which leads back the Hungarians to the Tundra of Siberia and declares our closest relatives to be living in Northern Europe or Northern Asia, but basically our closest relatives are European.
The other one leads back to the folk of the steppe only and sees our origin in Far East in Asia, or even in the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East; consequently our closest relatives are Asian.
I will now show both of them to familiarize non-hungarian readers with these basics. Let me start with the official academic hypotheses the Finno-Ugric origin.
This declaration closed a so-called Ugric-Turkish war of the scholars in the second half of 19 th century when the Minister of Culture Mr. Ágoston Trefort declared in [ The government will support birch toothe ölő körmök lábak the future only those representative of the science who stand by the Finno-Ugric origin.
It is based only on the Hungarian language itself. Our language is a rare and unique language in Europe without any close relatives. Hungarian is an agglutinative language alien to all of the European languages with the exception of Finnish, Estonian and a couple of smaller languages in northern Europe.
Until the end of the 18 th century the Hungarian language was believed to be a lonely language, which did not have any relatives. At that time a man called János John Sajnovich traveled to Lapland and found some Lappish words with very distant similarities to the corresponding Hungarian words. Later some other similarities were also found between the Hungarian and the Finnish languages and so fort, a couple of other languages related to the Finnish language. Again later on, in the 19 th century two other languages were found isolated on the eastern side of the Ural Mountains around the Ob River, which were related to these latter languages.
Further on in the northern central part of Siberia the group of Samoyed languages Yuryak, Selkup etc. Though they did not have closer relations to the Indo-European languages they were kenőcs király a bőr a köröm gomba, however, to be related to each other.
Nevertheless, this relationship is very far; there is no close contact between the members of this group of languages. Since most of them are geographically near to birch toothe ölő körmök lábak Ural Mountains, these languages were grouped as a family of the Uralic languages.
Recently the biggest language of this family has become Hungarian, spoken worldwide by more than 14 million people. Altogether less than 9 million people speak all the other Finno-Ugric languages; from that 5.
However, Hungarian is not mentioned in the name of the family at all. Zsirai, one of propagators of the hypothesis in the early 20 th century gives the logical explanation as follows: 1 Cited by. In Hungarian: én azonban mint miniszter az ország érdekeit kell nézzem, és ezért a külső tekintély szempontjából előnyösebb, a finn-ugor származás princípiumát fogadom el, mert nekünk nem ázsiai, hanem európai rokonokra van szükségünk.
A kormány a jövőben csakis a tudomány ama képviselőit fogja támogatni, akik a finnugor eredet mellett törnek lándzsát. If we regard the set of words of these languages as we will see later on 4 Hungarian shows more similarities to the Ugric languages and the official hypotheses describes Hungarian as a derivative of these two Uralic languages, i. Khanty and Mansi. The people speaking these languages live in the tundra or forestry northwestern part of Siberia, near birch toothe ölő körmök lábak Ob River.
They have a hunting-fishing way of life and share a few hundred words of their language with Finnish language much less with the Hungarian. This means, that the Hungarian culture of that age was completely denied, and all that the Hungarians knew and practiced was declared to have been borrowed or stolen from other cultures and languages. Since the overwhelmingly portion of the words of the Hungarian language does not fit to the languages of her so-called relatives nearly the whole of the language has been declared to have been borrowed from other languages of Eurasia.
The German and Austrian leadership was going to prove that the Hungarians were alien to Europe and were fit only to serve the higher ranked nations such as their own as well as all the other ones in Europe. This was the reason why Minister Trefort made his decision to find European relatives to the Hungarians and did not examine anyone from the East. Their concept was built on the language tree having been developed that time for the Indo-European languages and was applied to this new family of languages called since then as Finno-Ugric family.
We will show the characteristics of the Hungarian language comparing it to the so-called relative languages in a later Chapter. According to this theory once upon the time there was an ancient language spoken by an ancient nation 8 called Uralic living somewhere near to the Ural Mountains.