Iiy nny ddz ddzs ggy Consonant Assimilation in Pronunciation An unvoiced consonant except h followed by a voiced consonant — with the exception of j ly j 1? If the double consonant is preceded or followed b y another consonant, then it is pronounced short.
The same rule applies to consonants which originated from the fusion of consonants. E x am p les: — jobbra [jo bra] to the right tartja [ta rtja ] he holds tollszár [tolsaxr] pen holder értse [exrtje] let h im understand arccal [artsal] with a face hordja [h ordja] he wears hanggal [hangol] with voice rendszer [rentser] system In Hungarian every vowel is pronounced separately and every word contains as many syllables as it has vowels: — fiai: fi-a-i his sons mai: ma-i today's Division of words into syllables works on the principle that Hungarian syllables begin, as a rule, with one consonant.
Thus one of the consonants is always carried over to the next syllable or at the end of a line to the next line. If there is only one consonant, then this must be carried over to the next syllable.
The consonant groups formed by plosives p, t, k, b, d, g - f 1 or r are di- rided differently from the English.
Exam ples:— virág: vi-rág flower, háború: há-bo-rú war, fekete: fe-ke-te black Two consonants: munkás: mun-kás worker, ablak: ab-lak window, nadrág: nad-rág trousers Three consonants: festmény: fest-mény painting, kertben: kert-ben in a garden, osztrák: oszt rák A ustrian The short consonants denoted by digraphs kezelés fight száj- és nail foot, zs, ly, cs, ny, gy, ty cannot be separated: — beszéd: be-széd speech gólya: gó-lya stork kincsem: kin-csem my treasure gyertya: gyer-tya candle magyar: m a-gyar H ungarian bányász: bá-nyász m iner Note dz and dzs — denoting a long consonant — can be separated between two vowels:— edző: ed-zo coach ' maharadzsa: ma-ha-rad-zsa maharajah The long consonants denoted by double letters are divided as follows:— kettő: ket-to two semmi: sem-mi nothing W hen long consonants denoted by compound letters are divided, e.
The use of the letter ly is a relic of the time, when these tw o letters were pronounced differ ently. B H ungarian, unlike English, uses a small letter for the names of na tions, adjectives derived from proper nouns, the names of months, days, holi days, historical events and the personal pronoun én I. The most im portant differences are as follow s:— a In compound and com plex sentences each sentence must be separated b y a comma, therefore the conjunction hogy that and the relative pronouns, if linking a subordinate clause, must always be preceded b y a comma.